MIGRATION SYSTEM TO DECIDE WHO WORKS IN THE UK
(7 March 2006)
new points based system to enable the UK to control migration more
effectively, tackle abuse and identify the most talented workers
was launched by the Home Secretary today. The points based system
is to ensure that only those who benefit Britain can come here to
work or study; to strengthen the UK's borders; to crack down on
abuse and illegal immigration; and increase removals.
scheme will be complemented with a tougher approach from our own
British embassies abroad to weed out false applications and will
place increased obligations on UK businesses and universities who
will now be required to sponsor migrants and help to ensure that
those they sponsor adhere to the terms of their visa.
elements of the system include:
consolidating more than 80 existing work and study routes into
tier 1 - highly skilled, e.g. scientists or entrepreneurs;
tier 2 - skilled workers with a job offer, e.g. nurses, teachers,
tier 3 - low skilled workers filling specific temporary labour
shortages, e.g. construction workers for a particular project
tier 4 - students; and
tier 5 - youth mobility and temporary workers, e.g. working holiday
makers or musicians coming to play a concert.
points to be awarded to reflect aptitude, experience, age and
also the level of need in any given sector, to allow the UK to
respond flexibly to changes in the labour market;
the establishment of a Skills Advisory Body to identify these
consolidating entry clearance and work permit applications into
one transparent single-stage application;
a system of sponsorship by employers and educational institutions
to ensure compliance;
financial securities for specific categories where there has been
evidence of abuse to ensure that migrants return home at the end
of their stay; and
the ending of employment routes to the UK for low-skilled workers
from outside the EU except in cases of short-term shortages.
Secretary Charles Clarke said: "Managed migration is in the
interest of the UK. Today's announcement sets out the Government's
policy to deliver a firm but fair, simpler, more transparent and
more rigorous system, which will benefit our economy and protect
it will allow us to ensure that only those people with the skills
the UK needs come to this country while preventing those without
these skills applying. Foreign workers or students will also in
future need a UK sponsor to vouch for them, ensuring that businesses
and colleges take responsibility for making sure foreign workers
and students comply with visa rules.
new scheme fits alongside other activity being undertaking to tighten
up our immigration procedures. We are implementing new technology
through the e-borders programme to record simply and effectively
details of passengers intending to enter or leave the UK before
they begin their journey, and by the end of 2006 we will begin to
require individuals applying for visas to be fingerprinted."
for a points-based system for managed migration are a key element
of the Home Office's five year strategy for asylum and immigration
'Controlling our borders: making migration work for Britain' published
in February 2005. The Government undertook an extensive consultation
on the proposals between July and November 2005.
system aims to ensure that only those migrants who benefit the UK
- for example the highly-skilled such as surgeons or scientists
or those who are coming to fill gaps in the labour market that cannot
be met from the domestic workforce such as teachers and nurses,
can come to work or study, while introducing new measures to ensure
that migrants comply with their leave to remain and go home at the
end of their stay.
UK will benefit from increased economic and international competitiveness
and cultural exchange.
included in today's announcement are decisions by:
the Department of Health to end the existing immigration routes
for postgraduate doctors and dentists, except for those people
who have studied for their degrees in the UK. This reflects the
flexibility of our managed migration systems to ensure we meet
the needs of the UK labour market; and
the Home Office to end existing low-skilled work routes including
the Sectors Based Scheme and the Seasonal Agricultural Workers
Scheme, again reflecting the fact that labour from the new EU
Member States is now filling many vacancies in these areas.
Rahman, Chief Executive of the Joint Council for the Welfare of
Immigrants, said: We welcome the Governments acknowledgement
of the positive economic contribution of migrants and recognise
the positive intention behind the points system to restore public
confidence in the immigration system and ensure migrants are welcome
in the UK
denying all possibility of settling in the UK to lower skilled and
unskilled migrant workers could create a workforce ripe for abuse
by exploitative employers. Temporary workers have fewer employment
rights in any case. Temporary settlement rights will be a double
whammy ensuring a whole group of workers are unable to seek remedy
for abuse they suffer. Some may have to enter the irregular employment
sector to escape such abuse. Such factors could drive down employment
conditions for everyone
should also recognise that migrant workers who send money home are
keeping families and towns some parts of the developing world going.
The points system will make it much harder for a group of workers
and the families they support at home to find a route out of poverty
through migration because the return on their investment in migration
will be much reduced. The Government says it is committed to Making
Poverty History in the developing world how is making migration
harder for people from those countries going to help that? "