2001-02, there were just three institutions
with more than 5,000 students from outside
Britain. By 2006-07 that had risen to 14.
The significant increase in tuition fee
income is, to a considerable extent, attributable
to the fees of international (non-EU) students,
who pay nearly three times more than UK
or EU students.
Geoffrey Crossick, chair of the Universities
UK Longer Term Strategy Group said: "Fees
from international students have become
a more significant income source for most
institutions than research grants from the
funding councils. There has been a marked
increase in the number of institutions receiving
more than 15 % of their total income from
international student fees."
report cautioned that as global competition
for students increases, such growth may
not be sustained. The report looked at trends
in the university sector over the past 10
years. It found that enrolments of students
from non-EU countries had increased by 105%.
As a result, international fees were now
a bigger source of income for most universities
than research grants.
in 2006-07, there was a greater growth in
students from other EU countries than from
within the UK, with EU enrolments rising
by more than 6% and UK entries remaining
static. In the same year, one in 10 students
in the UK came from a non-EU country, compared
with one in 20 coming from an EU country,
BBC News has reported.
Brian Ramsden of the Longer Term Strategy
Group of Universities UK said: "In
the 10-year period from 1997-98 to 2006-07
non-EU international student enrolments
have more than doubled. China remains the
most significant provider of students to
UK higher education across most levels of
features very strongly among taught postgraduate
students, and students from the United States
are also prominent, especially amongst undergraduate
visiting and junior year abroad students
and at postgraduate levels."
2006-07, there were in all 701,700 students
enrolled in British universities. Over 350,000
were home students. Among the rest, 142,555
came from Asia followed by 112,260 from
the European Union. The remaining 95,000-odd
students come from the rest of the world,
including around 15,000 from the US.
topped the Asian contingent with 49,595
students, followed by 23,835 from India,
11,810 from Malaysia and 9,305 from Pakistan.
A majority of the Asian students are enrolled
in the taught post-graduate courses, the
figures being 21,620 for China and 15,500
for India. Over 18,000 students from China
are in first degree courses, compared to
just over 4,000 from India. China also tops
in the list of Asian post-graduate research
students with 5,170 enrolments as against
just 890 from India.